Jaw and facial bone growth

Duration: 6min 21sec Views: 180 Submitted: 04.09.2020
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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Jaw bones and teeth originate from the first pharyngeal arch and develop in closely related ways. Reciprocal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions are required for the early patterning and morphogenesis of both tissues.

Face and Jaw Development in Children

Jaw and Facial Development in Children - Apex Dental. Dentist Des Moines Iowa

Age-related changes of jaws and soft tissue profile are important both for orthodontists and general dentists. Mouth profile is the area which is manipulated during dental treatment. These changes should be planned in accordance with other components of facial profile to achieve ultimate aim of structural balance, functional efficacy, and esthetic harmony. Through this paper, the authors wish to discuss age changes of the hard and soft tissues of human face which would help not only the orthodontists but also oral surgeons, prosthodontists, pedodontists, and general dentists. Behrents [ 1 ] reported that craniofacial growth does not stop in young adulthood but is a continuous process even into later ages. The units of change are small but change in the craniofacial skeleton has become the operational concept rather than termination of the process. The increasing demand for adult orthodontics and orthognathic surgery increases the need to understand the facial aging process.

Jaw and Facial Development in Adults

As you can see, the maxilla the upper jaw is much more than just the bone that holds our teeth. The maxilla is the entire central portion of our face. It determines our nasal cavity, our airway space, our cheekbones, and the position of our mandible. Consequently, the proper development of the maxilla is essential to both health and beauty. Normal growth promotes a broad smile with well-aligned teeth and little need for orthodontic treatment.
Facial and jaw growth orthopedics, also called dentofacial orthopedics, works to guide facial development during childhood by reestablishing nasal breathing with growth guidance appliances. Children are seen as the best candidates for dentofacial orthopedic therapy because facial growth and development occur most during childhood. Dentofacial orthopedics can also treat adults, but the process will involve surgical procedures to adjust the bite alignment and jaw bone before applying the appliances.